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There are two types of hearing loss. One is conductive hearing loss and the other is sensorineural hearing loss. In this article I am going to be focusing primarily on sensorineural hearing loss. This type of hearing loss is also called nerve deafness. It is a common occurrence in people that are more than 65 years old. While researchers aren't really sure why this type of hearing loss occurs, they are certain that age isn't the only factor. They believe that there are genetic, environmental and physical factors involved as well.
Most people that suffer from a viral infection such as CMV, mumps, herpes, rubella, influenza, etc. are known to contract sensorineural hearing loss as well. Some other conditions which can contribute to this include autoimmune diseases like lupus and temporal arthritis as well as vascular diseases like leukemia and sickle cell anemia.
When it comes to this type of hearing loss, there are quite a few symptoms which you can watch out for. In babies, you'll find that they don't respond to sounds. Such babies don't make any too much noise either. Vertigo and tinnitus are another couple of symptoms of sensorineural hearing loss.
The diagnosis for this ear problem usually begins with a doctor carrying out an ear exam and also taking a look at your medical history. He/she may also question you regarding your family history when it comes to hearing problems. In some cases he/she may even order an MRI, EEG or CT scan to confirm that there aren't any problems with your brain.
The best treatments for sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus include hearing aids and cochlear implants. Cochlear implants are basically small electronic devices which are fitted behind your ear. These devices stimulate your nerves to help improve your hearing. These implants have both external as well as internal components. Hearing aids, on the other hand, are fitted inside your ear and contain small microphones which amplify sounds to help you hear better.
One of the major causes of this type of hearing loss is being exposed to high levels of sound for a prolonged period of time. There are many people that work in an environment which contains many high level sounds. This can greatly damage your cochlear. If the damage caused in such situations is recognized in time, it can easily be corrected as well. People that spend a lot of time around guns or fire crackers may suffer from a temporary ringing in their ears. Some other places where you may hurt your ears from too much sound include gaming arcades, movie theaters and night clubs.
There are even certain medications which cause this problem when taken over a long period of time. High doses of aspirin as well as many anti-inflammatory drugs are known to contribute to hearing loss.
If you're diagnosed with sensorineural hearing loss, it may also be a sign of a cancerous tumor which is affecting your hearing ability. Acoustic neuromas and metastatic cancers are some other causes of hearing loss.
This article has explained most of the things that are related to sensorineural hearing loss. Ensure you keep all of this in mind and immediately visit a doctor if you notice even the slightest sign of loss of hearing. The earlier you can catch such problems, the more the chances of curing it completely.